Miscellaneous Vocabulary

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Miscellaneous Vocabulary
Release date September 24, 2011
Canonical
Source Naviteri
Link: 1

Kaltxì nìmun, ma frapo

Here are some new words I hope you'll find useful. Thanks as always to the Vocabulary Committee for their excellent ideas. Much of the following material is due to their efforts.

  • stxenu (n., STXE.nu) ‘offer'

This word originated from stxeli ‘gift' + lonu ‘release, let go.' It refers to anything that's given freely, whether tangible or intangible.

1 Po poltxe san tìtstewnga'a stxenuri irayo seiyi oe ngaru nìtxan. She said, “I thank you very much for your courageous offer. 1
  • tìtstew (n., tì.TSTEW) ‘courage, bravery'
  • tìtstewnga' (adj., tì.TSTEW.nga') ‘courageous, brave' (nfp*)

Note: *nfp = not for persons. Contrast ofp = only for persons. In English, the word “brave” can be used for both people and things/actions: a brave person, a brave deed. That's not the case in Na'vi. Certain adjectives have one form for persons and another for things. An example of this is the contrast between the two adjectives tstew and tìtstewnga':

2 Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/2 A brave person does brave deeds. 2

Kem atìtstewnga' si tute atstew.

The related verb is:

  • stxenutìng (vtr.: STXE.nu.tìng – inf. 3,3) ‘offer'
3 Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/3 I offered my life for the sake of our clan. 3

Oeri tìreyti oel stxenutolìng fpi olo' awngeyä.

Related vocabulary:[edit]

  • mll'an (vtr.: mll.'AN – inf. 1,2) ‘accept'
  • tìmll'an (n., tì.mll.'AN) ‘acceptance'
  • tsyär (vtr.) ‘reject'
  • tìtsyär (n., tì.TSYÄR) ‘rejection'
4 Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/4 Why did you reject my offer? 4
5 Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/5 I offered to teach her Na'vi. She accepted gladly. 5

Ngal lumpe oeyä stxenut tsyolängär?

Stxenutolìng oel futa lì'fyat leNa'vi poeru kivar. Mol'an nìprrte'.

  • kam (adp.-) ‘ago'
  • kay (adp.-) ‘from now (in the future)'

These adpositions refer to time backward or forward from the time of speaking:

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Tskot sngolä'i po sivar 'a'awa trrkam (or: kam trr a'a'aw). ‘He started to use the bow several days ago.'

Zaya'u Sawtute fte awngati skiva'a kay zìsìt apxey (or: pxeya zìsìtkay)! The Sky People will come to destroy us three years from now!

Note: If the measure of time is relative to another event rather than to the time of speaking, use the adverbs srekrr ‘beforehand' and mawkrr ‘afterwards':

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Polähem Sawtute kam zìsìt amrr, hum mezìsìt mawkrr. ‘The Sky People arrived five years ago and left two years later.'

  • 'awnìm (vtr.: 'AW.nìm – inf. 1,1) ‘avoid'

This word stems from 'ì'awn ‘remain' + alìm ‘at a distance.'

[[Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/9}10|9}10]] {{:Navi:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/9}10}} {{:Help:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/9}10}} [[Help:Miscellaneous Vocabulary/9}10|9}10]]

Ngal 'erawnìm oeti srak? ‘Are you avoiding me?'

Poltxe po san oe ke tsängun 'ivawnìm futa kutuhu oeyä ultxa si. ‘He said that sadly, he can't avoid meeting with his enemies.'

  • 'ä' (conv.) ‘whoops!'

(I mentioned this one in a comment in the previous post—I just didn't want it to get lost.)

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'Ä'! Oel tsngalit tìmungzup. Ngaytxoa! ‘Whoops! I just dropped the cup. Sorry about that!'

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Meuniltìrantokx Toktor Kìreysä sì Tsyeykä ke lu teng ki steng. ‘The avatars of Grace and Jake aren't the same, but they are similar.'

Ngaru tìyawr. Lolu oer stenga säfpìl. ‘You're right. I had a similar idea.'

And here's a very nice proverb the Committee came up with:

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Säfpìl asteng, tìkan ateng. ‘Great minds think alike.'

Derivation:[edit]

  • nìsteng (adv., nì.STENG) ‘similarly'
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Tseyk tswamayon fa ikran srekrr; tafral fmoli fìkem sivi fa toruk nìsteng. ‘Jake flew with an ikran before; therefore he tried to do it with a toruk in a similar fashion.'

(Note: The verb tswayon ‘fly' is intransitive—you fly by means of an ikran.)

  • nim (adj.) ‘timid, shy'
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Yerik lu swirä anim nìtxan. ‘The hexapede is a very timid creature.'

Nim rä'ä lu! Pohu pivängkxo! ‘Don't be shy! Talk to her!'

(Note that it's pohu, not poru. You can't use the dative with pängkxo.)

  • srätx (vtr.) ‘annoy, bother'
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Oeti rä'ä srätx. ‘Don't bother me.'

Derivation:[edit]

This is a nice example of what linguists call iconicity, where the symbol itself (in this case, a word) mirrors what it represents.

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Oeri payìl tìng rì'ìrit keyä. ‘My face is reflected in the water.'

Derivation:[edit]

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Rì'ìr rä'ä sivi tsmuktur! ‘Don't imitate your sibling!'

I think there's some iconicity in the next couple of words as well:

  • tsìsyì (vin.: TSÌ.syi – inf. 1,2) ‘whisper'
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Rutxe pivlltxe nìwok nì'it, oel ngati stum ke stängawm krra nga fìfya tserìsyì! ‘Please speak up a bit, I can barely hear you when you're whispering like this!'

  • nìwok (adv., nì.WOK) ‘loudly'

Note: Na'vi doesn't have a separate word for ‘hardly, barely, scarcely.'
Instead, stum ke ‘almost not' is used.

Derivations:[edit]

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Po pamlltxe a krr, frapo tarmìng mikyun nìpxi, taluna mokri lu sätsìsyìtsyìp. ‘When he spoke, everyone listened intently, because his voice was a tiny whisper.'

That last word makes a good tongue-twister. Fmi pivlltxe alo avol nìwin!  :-)

  • nìtsìsyì (adv., nì.TSÌ.syì) ‘by whispering, in a whisper'

Since tsìsyì is intransitive, to talk about “whispering something” we use this adverb:

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Pol tstxoti oeyä poltxeie nìtsìsyì. ‘He whispered my name, I'm happy to say.'

  • fwefwi (vin., FWE.fwi – inf. 1,2) ‘whistle'
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Nga fwefwi nìlkeftang a fì'u lu säsrätx atxan oeru. ‘It's a major annoyance to me that you whistle continuously.'

Derivation:[edit]

  • nìfwefwi (adv., nì.FWE.fwi) ‘by whistling, in a whistling manner'
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Like tsìsyì, fwefwi is intransitive. To express the idea of whistling a tune, we use the following vocabulary and structure:

  • lawr (n.) ‘tune, melody'
  • tìng lawr (vin.) ‘sing wordlessly, give out a tune or melody'
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'Evanìl alo a'awve nì'awtu na'rìngit tarmok, ha tolìng lawr nìfwefwi fteke txopu sivi. ‘The boy was alone in the forest for the first time, so he whistled a tune to calm his fears.'

  • säomum (n., sä.O.mum) ‘(piece of) information'

As in many languages (but emphatically not as in English), the word for ‘information' is countable and can be used in the plural. If it's a single piece of information—one fact—use the singular; if several pieces of information are being conveyed, use the plural.

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Aysäomumìri lesar seiyi oe ngaru irayo nìtxan. ‘Thanks very much for (all) this useful information.'

Ulte nìsyen:

  • kosman (adj., ko.SMAN) ‘wonderful, terrific, fantastic'
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Fol lì'fyati awngeyä sar a fya'o lu kosman. ‘It's wonderful the way they use our language.'

Alternatively, we can use the adverbial form of this word:

  • nìksman (adv., nìk.SMAN) ‘wonderfully'
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Fol lì'fyati awngeyä sar nìksman. ‘They use our language wonderfully.'

Nìvingkap, what did you all think of the news about Avatar + Disney? Lu fmawn a eltur tìtxen si nìtxan, kefyak?

As always, please let me know about any typos and slips you discover.

Hayalovay, ma eylan.